This directory contains information supplied by members of SIGCIS, the leading international group for historians with an interest in the history of information technology and its applications. It is the Special Interest Group for Computers, Information and Society of the Society for the History of Technology. If you would like to join this group, participate in its e-mail discussion list, or have your details added to this directory, then please visit our Join SIGCIS page.
I am interested in contemporary history and cultural sociology, where 'cultural' relies to a large extent on computers. Before I came to Science & Technology Studies as a mature student, I spent many years working in the IT industry at large, briefly as an analyst-programmer on a CAD (Computer Aided Design) project, then as a sales engineer specialized in GIS (Geographic Information Systems) for the late Computervision Inc., and finally as major account manager for a large telecommunications company (France Telecom).
Atsushi Akera is a Historian of Technology and Assistant Professor in the STS Department at Rensselaer. His primary research focus is on the social and institutional history of the Cold War. His recent publication, "Calculating a Natural World: Computers, Scientists and Engineers During the Rise of US Cold War Research" is probably the work of greatest interest to this audience. In it, he uses the history of computing as a metonymic device by which to describe broad-based changes in the US infrastructure for scientific and engineering research. His current interests include theoretical work on the concept of an "ecology of knowledge" ("Constructing a Representation for an Ecology of Knowledge," Social Studies of Science 37/3 (2007): 413-441; see also http://www.rpi.edu/~akeraa/Akera_projects.html for more current work), as well as a new historical book project on postwar reforms in engineering education. Dr. Akera received his Ph.D. in the History and Sociology of Science Department at the University of Pennsylvania in August of 1998. Prior to his graduate studies, he worked as a foreign technology analyst for the US computer research consortium, Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC) in Austin, TX.
The history of software and the history of computing in The Netherlands
Gerard Alberts is the head of the Program in the History of Computing, Informatics Institute, University of Amsterdam, and teaches the History of Computing and the History of Mathematics at this university. His key research interests are the history of software and the history of computing in The Netherlands. His expertise in history of software ranges from the prehistory in numerical analysis to software engineering. He maintains a keen interest in history of professionalization and in the meta-historical question of software as archival and museum object.
His current projects include the preparation of a biography of Aad van Wijngaarden, founding father of Computer Science in The Netherlands, best known for his authorship of ALGOL 68. Further work is on the sounds of computers in the 1950's. Gerard Alberts and Huub de Beer are writing a textbook on Dutch computer pioneers in the 1950s.
SOFT-EU: Gerard Alberts is project leader of Software for Europe, a collaborative research project composed of 11 national participating projects within European Science Foundation's program "Inventing Europe".
David Allison is Chairman of the Division of Information Technology and Communications at the National Museum of American History. The 12-member staff of the division manages collections and exhibitions in the areas of communications, computing, mathematics, photography, printing, graphic arts, numismatics, and electricity.
David has a strong interest in exhibitions, and is currently project director for American Enterprise an exhibition being planned for opening in 2011. The 14,000 sq. ft. display will survey the history of American business and industry, including the information industry, from the late colonial period to the present. In the past, he was project director and lead curator for The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, an 18,000 square foot exhibition on the history of the American military from the 18th century to the present. It opened in 2004. Formerly he curated: September 11, 2001: Bearing Witness to History, Deep Blue, Digilab: a Digital Imaging Laboratory, Behind the Lines: The Universal Product Code at 25, and Information Age: People, Information and Technology.
His publications include: The Price of Freedom: Americans at War (exhibition catalog), "Preserving Software in History Museums: A Material Culture Approach," in Ulf Hashagen, et. al., eds., History of Computing: Software Issues (Berlin: Springer, 2002); "Universal Product Code in Perspective: Context for a Revolution," in Alan L. Haberman, ed. Twenty-Five Years behind Bars. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001); The ENIAC," in Bulletin of the Scientific Instrument Society 63 (December 1999); "Archives of Data Processing: The National Museum of American History" in Archives of Data Processing History (New York: Greenwood Press, 1990); and New Eye for the Navy: The Origin of Radar at the Naval Research Laboratory (Washington: GPO, 1981).
Domestic technologies, children and media, history of child-computer interaction, disability and technology
Meryl Alper is a Ph.D. student in Communication at USC Annenberg. She graduated magna cum laude from Northwestern University in 2005, double majoring in Communication Studies and History. She also holds a certificate in Early Childhood Education from UCLA. Prior to her graduate studies, Alper interned in the Education & Research Department at Sesame Workshop and worked as Research Manager for Nick Jr. Her main areas of research are families’ evolving relationships with old and new technologies, transmedia and children’s learning, and the media practices of youth with disabilities. Currently, Alper serves as Research Assistant on a children’s transmedia storytelling project at the USC Annenberg Innovation Lab, and is a Research Associate with The Joan Ganz Cooney Center at Sesame Workshop. She has a forthcoming article in New Media & Society and has also been published in the Journal of Early Childhood Literacy and the Digital Culture & Education. Her research has also been featured in Wired Magazine.
David Anderson is interested in the period 1936-1954. His current preoccupation is the life and work of the topologist and early pioneer of computing M.H.A. Newman. Anderson is engaged at present on the task of digitising Newman's papers and making them available on-line. This is a joint project between St. John's College, Cambridge and the University of Portsmouth. He recently completed a two volume work entitled "The pioneers of computing" with the co-operation of the Science Museum, London who are trying to arrange a suitable publisher.
I am a PhD candidate at UC Riverside, studying 20th Century American History. My dissertation research focuses on mainframe computers and the processing of paperwork in the postwar era. I am also a member of SHOT, which is how I came to SIGCIS.
Philosophy of information and computing:
Fundamental issues in the transmission, processing, and storage of information
Philosophy of science and technology:
Historical epistemology of structural sciences such as information theory, semiotics, decision theory, cybernetics, computer science, artificial life, and artificial intelligence
Bill Aspray has written in the past on traditional issues related to the history of computing, including John von Neumann and the Origins of Modern Computing, Computer: A History of the Information Machine (2nd ed., with Martin Campbell-Kelly), and The Internet and American Business (ed. with Paul Ceruzzi). Current research includes the history of privacy in America, the historical study of information in everyday American life, the history of digital media, and the history of information science. He is also conducting non-historical research on the information workforce, health informatics, and other issues related to the social and political study of information and information technology. He is the editor of the MIT Press Series in the History of Computing.
I am interested in the designed form of the computer and how this has changed over time. My concern is with the design of computers and their consumption by users in a social context, as oppose dto the technical aspects of computing.
Münchner Zentrum für Wissenschafts- und Technikgeschichte / Deutsches Museum, Munich
History of cybernetics in Germany since World War II
Phillip Aumann is interested in the emergence of cybernetics as an academic discipline in the fields of biological and technical cybernetics - as a special form of Computer Science. He is also interested in the interaction of cybernetic scientists and the public sphere, arguing that Cybernetics profited enormously from social expectations about automation, artificial intelligence.
Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, University of Manchester
Development of computer hardware and software 1945 to 1970
Jonathan Aylen is a founder director of Manchester Institute of Innovation Research and head of the Technology and Innovation Management subject group within Manchester Business School of the University of Manchester, England.
He began his career as an economist where he learned to write FORTRAN to run programmes on an ICL mainframe computer. He has published papers on the history of process control computers and on steel technology as well as recent papers on econometrics and on forecasting wildfires!
Neil Barton is presently researching the telegraph in London to incorporate within the publication of his dissertation "The Construction of the Network Society: The Evolution of the Electric Telegraph 1837-1869". In his first career, from which he retired in 1981, Neil designed and implemented management information systems on a wide range of mainframe platforms eventually becoming Controller of Large Systems, International Computers Ltd (ICL). In his second career he was the managing director in Merrill Lynch for most of the 1980s and 1990s responsible for all the European research of Technology, Media, and Telecommunications. Neil's academic background is in (chronologically) Information Systems, Scots Commercial Law, Accountancy, Sociology of Technology, and History of Technology while research interests are The Information Society, the History of Telecommunications, and Cities & Technology.
Bernardo Batiz-Lazo is currently involved in a research project, funded by the British Academy,it deals with the business and technological histories of Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) in the UK, 1967-2005. This involves archival material as well as patents and oral histories. The ATM is a neglected area of study in the UK and hence a running comparison with developments in the US will be made. Inspired in the Resource Based View of the Firm as well as the work of JoAnne Yates, the project looks at how the ATM moved from being a unique resource and a source of competitive advantage to a threshold resource in retail financial services. Outcomes are expected to shed light on the evolution of financial information for command and control of banks and building societies as well as the emergence of multi-channel delivery strategies.
Information Systems and Artificial Intelligence
Information Systems and Artificial Intelligence, Data Mining and Text Mining, Knowledge Discovery and Machine Learning
Although my primary area of research focuses on information retrieval and policy, my background is in American cultural history. In the past I researched the impact of science and technology as progress at the 1893 and 1933 World's Fairs, and the history of failed technologies.
Technologies, geographies, and applications outside the dominant narrative.
Alex Bochannek is Curator & Senior Manager at the Computer History Museum. He joined the staff in 2007 following a decade of volunteer work with the Museum. He investigates the complex changes in technology, business, culture, and society related to computing. This includes areas as diverse as the computing developments outside the United States, especially in Germany and the former Soviet Union, the histories of analog and non-electronic computing, military, financial, and business applications, and theoretical computer science.
He is a member of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), IEEE and the IEEE Computer Society, the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT), the Society for Modeling & Simulation International (SCS) and the Gesellschaft für Technikgeschichte (GTG).
Barbara Bonhage is currently involved in a research project, funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation, called "Financial and Supermarkets Online". Bonhage is in charge of the financial part: On the basis of empirical data, gathered merely in business archives - most of it banks - she is trying to find out about the relation between social and technological change since 1960. There has been a fast change in everybody's everyday dealing with financial instruments and services. The change of the consumer society is heavily interlinked with technological change in the banking sector. The work treats these interdependencies.
Geoffrey C. Bowker is Executive Director, Regis and Dianne McKenna Professor Center for Science, Technology and Society, Santa Clara University. He has written with Leigh Star a book on the history and sociology of medical classifications (Sorting Things Out: Classification and Practice - published by MIT Press in September 1999). This book looks at the classification of nursing work, diseases, viruses and race. His recent book, entitled Memory Practices in the Sciences about formal and informal recordkeeping in science over the past two hundred years, which includes extensive discussion of biodiversity informatics, was published by MIT Press in February 2006. Both books draw extensively on the history of computing, concentrating on the relationship between work practice and information practice. He has worked on the history of cybernetics. A current project, with Paul Edwards and Steve Jackson at Michigan is to find lessons for the development of cyberinfrastructure from the development of large scale information and other infrastructures in the past. More information, including a number of publications can be found at his website: http://epl.scu.edu/~gbowker
I am completing my dissertation in Psychology and am studying "Interaction Designer to Software Developer interactions through design artifacts" I am a psychologist and I am mainly interested in the field of human-computer interaction. I was a software engineering professor for 15 years and a developer for 5 years. I am interested in cultural-historical psychology so I am interested in how software development has changed over time.
My main research interest concerns the history of computing, particularly the co-development of computer science and computing in Canada. My doctoral research (2006) explored the pre-history of computer science at the University of Toronto, 1945-1964, and other research has focused on developments around Canada, particularly at the University of Waterloo, where the student-oriented FORTRAN compiler WATFOR was created. I'm also interested in the broader issues of technological obsolescence, the history of technology in Canada, and the problems of nationalist histories.
Martin Campbell-Kelly recently completed "From Airline Reservations to Sonic the Hedgehog: A History of the Software Industry" (MIT Press, 2003) and the 2nd edition of "Computer: A History of the Information Machine" with Bill Aspray (Westview Press, 2004). He is currently working on the history of usability, software patents, and the early development of computer networks.
Anders Carlsson researches themes in the computer discourse in Sweden in the 1940s and 50s, such as research policy, user cultures (meteorology in particular), debates on automation and cybernetics. This work is carried out partly in cooperation with an emerging group of Scandinavian computer history scholars. He plans to move in the direction of documentation and oral history since there is very little done along those lines in Sweden. His recent papers include "Elektroniska hjärnor" ["Electronic Brains: Debates on Computers, Automation and Engineers, 1955-58", in Swedish] in Sven Widmalm (ed.), Artefakter (2004); "On the Politics of Failure: Perspectives on 'the Mathematics Machine' in Sweden, 1945-1948‚" [in English] in Janis Bubenko, John Impagliazzo & Arne Solvberg (eds.), History of Nordic Computing (2005). Anders Carlsson will be residing in the Washington, D.C. area 2005-2009.
University of Chicago
Sociology/History of Computing Technology
Paul Ceruzzi is Curator of Aerospace Electronics and Computing at the National Air & Space Museum, Washington, DC. He recently published "Internet Alley: High Technology in Tysons Corner, 1945-2005" (MIT Press 2008). Previous books include "A History of Modern Computing" (MIT Press 1998, 2nd ed. 2003), and "Reckoners: the Prehistory of the Digital Computer" (Greenwood Press, 1983). An essay on Moore's Law and its implications for historians recently appeared in Technology & Culture, July 2005, pp. 584-593. He contributes to an occassional blog for the Information Technology History Society (www.ithistory.org/blog), and is currently working on several topics in the history of deep space navigation, aerospace computing reliability, and aerospace computer architecture.
History of computers;History of Computer Science departments
I am interested in the history of RISC design. I received my Ph.D. in CSc from the University of Manchester in 1967. Part of my thesis involved empirical studies showing that 50% of the current hardware instructions were not needed. The MU5 built in hardware counters which I believe led to the RISC design. If so I would like to know whether this is in fact true or did the RISC design start elsewhere. After I left Manchester I returned to Canada first at the U of Manitoba and then the University of Victoria in BC. My interests changed and I did not follow the work at Manchester.
History of Technology, Energy History, Environmental History
My recently completed dissertation explored the development of North America's electric power grid. During the research, I came across interesting information about the use of computers for network control. I'm eager to learn more about the history of computing and how the utilities's computing choices fit into the larger picture.
Communications technology in the late 20th century
I'm interested in the cultural history of communications technology in the late 20th century, and especially in the political ideologies of democracy and technocracy associated with computers, networks, and video technology. I'm also interested in historically situating a range of present-day concerns relating to social software, copyright, and the internet.
Jonathan Coopersmith is working on a history of the fax machine from the 1840s to the present; one chapter concerns the rise of computer-based faxing and the integration of faxing into the "office of the future." His next project, partially started, concerns the intertwining of pornography and communication technologies. Needless to say, computers play a large part.
History of technology generally; personal computing
I am interested in users of technology as well as the consumption of representations of technology. I have just published "User Unfriendly: Consumer Struggles with Personal Technologies, from Clocks and Sewing Machines to Cars and Computers," about the steep learning curves that have accompanied the adoption of machines by consumers. Another volume, "Into the Blue: American Writing on Aviation and Spaceflight," which I edited, also just appeared, focusing on the experience of those who flew, whether as pilots or passengers.
James W. Cortada is the author of several dozen books on the management, use, and history of information technology. His most recent publications include the 3 volume Digital Hand (Oxford, 2004-08), and The Digital Flood (OUP 2012). He serves on the editorial board of the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing and on various committees in the IEEE Computer Society. I am writing a history of the use of information in the USA, 1870-Present.
Mary Croarken has an ongoing interest in scientific computing (both digital and analogue) in the pre 1950 period with particular focus on the UK. Specific interests in astronomical computing from the 18th century through to the 20th century and table making in the same period. She is also an Associate Editor of IEEE Annals of the History of Computing.
I am interested in the cultural and historical origins of cloud computing. I am interested in viewing this topic through a Science and Technology Studies lens. I am signing up for the mailing list to be better connected to computer and Internet researchers. I found out about SIGCIS through a faculty member in my department.
History of the scientific periodical and of scientific search practices
Csiszar researches the changing roles and status of print in nineteenth-century French and British science. Most relevant for this group is his work on the history of search practices and technologies in the sciences: card catalogues, indexing systems, classification infrastructures, and third-party information organization services.
Csiszar is currently writing a book on the history of the scientific journal in Nineteenth-Century France and Britain based on a part of his dissertation (Broken Pieces of Fact: The Scientific Periodical and the Politics of Search in Nineteenth-Century France and Britain ). His second book project is provisionally titled Machineries of Search. A provisional statement on how a history of search might be pursued is sketched out in his recent paper, "Seriality and the Search for Order: Scientific Print and its Problems during the Late Nineteenth Century" (History of Science 48 ).
Postdoctoral fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research, Belgium (FWO)
Centre for Logic and Philosophy of Science, Universiteit Gent, Belgium
history and philosophy of computer science
- the history of computers and programming (current focus: ENIAC)
- history and epistemology of practices of computing
- history and philosophy of mathematical logic and computability theory
- research on limits of decidability and undecidability in models of computability (experimental and theoretical research)
My dissertation examines the role of news storytelling within the context of the digital news platform. I investigate how journalistic practices involving the use of the online space have evolved. I also have an interest in exploring how old media, new media and communications technology have influenced society in specific contexts.
Post WWII computer history with a concentration on computer restoration and software archiving
Instructor, Computer History, University of Delaware (CISC 367/CPEG 367)
Private collection of computer systems, books and magazines concentrating on the late 50's through early 1990's.
Computer and technology photography
Board member Mid-Atlantic Retro Computing Hobbyists (midatlanticretro.org).
I hope to make my contribution the field by preserving and documenting entire systems (display, software, printer, etc) as they originally existed and in working order. At the University of Delaware, historical computers are used in the classroom to demonstrate how these systems functioned. Students are exposed to the sounds, mechanics, electronics, data processing, and display technology of the technology milestones discussed in class. Having explored a "vintage" computer first-hand, the student gains a greater appreciation computer history.
History of French Computing, especially the 'Jacquard' loom; Historiography; history and memory with respect to the history of computing; Historical tools and methods, especially databases and data warehousing; LEO (Lyons Electronic Office) and tea-blending.
Syracuse University Department of Information Studies
Library and Information Science
Technology and information practices in non-formal and serendipitous learning, the role of multimodal discourse as tool for reflection and identity construction, digital and information literacies and computer supported collaborative learning
Deborah Douglas is the Curator of Science and Technology at the MIT Museum which means that among other things she is responsible for a modest but interesting collection of computer-related artifacts. She has a strong interest in Project Whirlwind. Having received a number of random pieces of hardware from the original DEC collection connected with Whirlwind and SAGE, she organized a reunion of Whirlwind "alumni/ae" in 2001 and began experimenting with ways to put the meager archival collections online (Stay tuned, maybe one day it will even happen!). Douglas' curatorial objectives are to build a repository of artifacts and related archival materials that document computing at MIT. Her goal is not to be a computer museum but rather to gather the resources that will permit researchers to investigate the ways MIT has shaped and is shaped by computers and related technologies. In addition to making these resources available to researchers, she has conducted a number of workshops with classes from MIT and other universities. Graduate students are always welcome and Deborah is open to the possibility of hosting post-doctoral students interested in working with the collection.
History and geography of information and communication technology and labor
My area of research and teaching is the history and geography of information & communication technology, especially the often hidden labor behind such technology. My first book used the case of telegraph messenger boys to consider such labor. My second book explored the labor of television closed-captioners and courtroom stenographers. In between these I also co-edited an international anthology on information labor. Right now I'm working on the research for my third book, which will look at the "metadata labor" of library professionals in the decades leading up to the World Wide Web.
Helena Durnova received her PhD in history of mathematics (2001, A history of discrete optimization). Her interests in history of computing are especially programming languages and history of computing in Czechoslovakia.
Peter Eckstein trained as a sociologist (M.A. Harvard University, 1960) and an economist (B.A. University of Michigan, 1958; Ph.D. Harvard University, 1971) who spent the early part of his career teaching economics and the later part on the research side of the labor movement. His interest in computer history stems in large part from his service in the early 1980s as Executive Director of the (Michigan) Governors Commission on Jobs and Economic Development, where he developed an interest in the early lives of technological and industrial pioneers.
Now retired, he is working to complete two books. One is an interpretative history of the early Michigan automobile industry, which will include a chapter on the early life of Henry Ford. The second is a study of the early lives of a dozen of the top, American-born computer hardware pioneers, from Eckert and Mauchly through Steve Wozniak. The book will develop a model of development from the Henry Ford story and show how well it fits the strikingly similar early life experiences of the computer pioneers. The book will incorporate the results of some one hundred interviews with most of the pioneers themselves and with many of their family members and friends.
Some published articles deriving from the research include:
"The Childhood of a Computer Pioneer--Jay Forrester," in Nicholas Colangelo, et al, eds., Talent Development: Volume II, Dayton: Ohio Psychology Press, 1994, pp. 405-408.
"J. Presper Eckert," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Winter, 1996, pp.25-44.
"Eckert, J(ohn Adam) Presper, Jr.," The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, Volume 4, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2001, pp, 143-5.
Chris Edmondson-Yurkanan (a computer scientist) is researching the design stories of the early networks. Her paper, ACM SIGCOMM's Archaeological Journey into Networking's Past, was one of 8 papers published in CACM celebrating ACM's 60th anniversary. She is the 3rd recipient of the Postel Center's Visiting Research Scholar (ISI/USC) and used that time to explore network archives. She was the editor of the SIGCOMM Technical History of the Internet Tutorial in 1999 and was the executive producer of the Turing Lecture for Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn, recipients of the 2004 Turing Award.
Paul Edwards writes and teaches on the history, politics, and culture of computers, information infrastructure, climate science, and global data networks. His current research involves comparative study of scientific cyberinfrastructure projects, especially in climate science. He is the author of A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2010); Clark Miller and Paul N. Edwards, eds., Changing the Atmosphere: Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001); The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996); and Peter J. Taylor, Saul E. Halfon, and Paul N. Edwards, eds., Changing Life: Genomes, Ecologies, Bodies, Commodities (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997).
Nathan Ensmenger teaches in the School of Informatics and Computing at Indiana University. His first book, *The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise* (MIT Press, 2010) explored the labor and social history of computer programming. He is currently working on a history of computerized decision-making in medicine, finance, and public policy.
Historiography of software; the transition from analogue to digital computing; the relationship between production technologies, hardware architecture and end-use; software production as an engineering discipline; software production as labor; embedded computing; high performance computing.
I have a PhD in Science and Technology Studies from Virgina Tech. I spent a good number of years working in the computer field as programmer, project manager, and e-marketing manager. I teach software engineering in the Computer Science department of Weber State University. I have also taught in History, Honors, Information Systems and Technology, and Management. I have published and presented in the areas of User Interface Design, Economics, History, Computer Science pedagogy, and Sociology, among others. My current interest is investigating the intersection of computer development, speculative fiction, and society. My edited book from McFarland, tentatively titled Science Fiction and Computing, is due in early 2011. The book is an interdisciplinary collection of essays and includes a number of SIGCIS members.
Modeling methodology for dynamic systems, systems theory and science, aesthetic computing, creative automata, computer science education, history of mathematics and computing
Automata Blog: creative-automata.com
History of Operating Systems and computer science workers
I am interested in history of automatic data processing in any period. Operating systems and computer scientists are my preferred topics. Currently, I’m working in history of Catalonia Computer Science studies.
history of information theory, critical theory, media studies
Bernard Geoghegan is a doctoral candidate in Screen Cultures at Northwestern University, where he earned his master's degree in Media, Technology and Society. His dissertation research focuses on information theory, computing, and the relations between philosophy and informatics. He has lectured and published on human computer interaction, cultural studies, the Internet, the aesthetics of computer exhibition, and historiography.
Currently he's studying automata and game playing machines associated with 1950s US-based research into information theory and cybernetics. Bernard is a former scholar- in-residence at l'Institut de Recherche et d'Innovation at the Centre Pompidou in Paris, and he will spend autumn 2007 as a visiting student at MIT's program in Science, Technology and Society. He is also a Jacob K. Javits fellow in Communication Studies, and an active member in the Society for Literature, Science and the Arts.
Slava Gerovitch is currently working on the history of automation and human-machine interaction in the Soviet space program with specific attention to the use of onboard computers. Gerovitch's book, From Newspeak to Cyberspeak: A History of Soviet Cybernetics (MIT Press, 2002) examined applications of cybernetic and computer models in a variety of scientific fields in the Soviet Union; see http://web.mit.edu/slava/homepage/newspeak.htm His 2004 course on the history of computing explored how the use of the computer as a scientific instrument changed the conceptual apparatus, sociotechnical infrastructure, laboratory practice, and professional identity of researchers across a wide range of scientific disciplines, from physics to mathematics to biology to linguistics. Course materials can be found on MIT OpenCourseWare; see STS.035 The History of Computing, Spring 2004.
Katja Girschik's Ph.D. is part of the research project . This project focuses on the question how digital telecommunication means were connected with specific local needs and how the evolving ways of utilisation led to social changes. This project is founded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) until April 2007. The working title indicates the direction of her dissertation: Her research focuses on the digitisation of the merchandise management system during the last forty years considering Swiss retailing as an example. The merchandise management systems have accounted decisively for the fact that today consumers in the western countries regard daily shopping in the supermarkets with its shelves packed with goods as a matter of course. The supply of diverse goods has become highly foreseeable, reliable and therefore unproblematic. However, the act of purchase is dependent on various conditions. Numerous sociotechnical systems have to match accurately in order to guarantee smooth transactions. The viewpoint of history of technology rises at this point the question how such complex coordination efforts are planned, implemented and transferred into stable practices. The problematisation of everyday life allows to look for historic developments which converge for example in the networked cash registers of contemporary retailing: These cash registers became more and more equiped with scanners and reading machines for credit cards, and were linked with accounting-, inventory control- and electronic payments systems. This integration process had far reaching consequences from the organisation of good's replenishment to the retailer's relation to the food industry and the change of job descriptions.
I am currently studying for a PhD at Birkbeck College, University of London. My topic is Digital Equipment, its downfall and could it have been avoided. I worked for DEC/Compaq/HP from 1975 to 2003 and am now employed part time by the UK Prison Service.
The Software Industry Special Interest Group (formerly the Software History Center) has focused on collecting, preserving and communicating information about the history of the computer software industry. The original focus was on the history of software companies from the 1950s-1980s with emphasis on mainframe software companies, particularly the entrepreneurs who created and built these companies. However, since 2004 we have broadened our attention to include personal computer, minicomputer and midrange computer software companies as well as professional services and processing services companies. We have held a number of conferences with industry pioneers in attendance and the help of a number of the leading computer industry historians to conduct workshops and obtain oral histories. We have edited and posted these transcripts either on the CBI website or the CHM website. We have also been actively collecting materials from software industry pioneers and arranging to have them archived at CBI or at CHM. Generally, our activities have been limited to US-based companies. We were and continue to be actively involved in the IT/Corporate Histories Project which was sponsored by the Sloan Foundation based on a grant request submitted by the Charles Babbge Foundation and conducted under the auspices of the Computer History Museum. We have sponsored one research project by Thomas Haigh relating to the role of ADAPSO in the evolution of the software industry and hope to sponsor other such projects in the future. Grad and Luanne Johnson co-edited a special issue of the IEEE Annals on The Start of the Software Industry in 2002. Grad and Paul Ceruzzi were the co-editors of two other special issues of the Annals on PC Software, the first was on PC Word Processing and was published in 2006 and the second was on PC Spreadsheets and was published in 2007. Grad and Tim Bergin are now working on two more special issues targeted for publication in 2009 and 2010; the first will be on data base management systems and the second on relational data base management systems. The Software Industry SIG is also providing input to the Computer History Museum's planned signature Timeline Exhibit scheduled to open in 2009.
I am a long time computer history enthusiast and collector. I started the Historical Computer Society in 1992, and began creating a newsletter about old computers in 1993 called "Historically Brewed." I now run classiccomputing.com where I blog, produce a video podcast, and I'm recording an excellent book into a free audio book podcast - "Stan Veit's History of the Personal Computer." I have now started down the path in creating a local user group to meet and play with old machines. I intend that the group evolve into a stand-alone, self-governing, non-profit, and educational organization. The first annual Classic Computing Expo is planned for April, 2011.
High Performance Computing History. We have an active HPC history project going at LANL and are looking for universities to partner with to perhaps bring in post-bac students each year for several years to help us capture LANL computing history.
This may not be the correct forum for discussing this topic, please advise.
Center for International Science and Technology Policy Elliott School of International Affairs George Washington University; Editor in Chief, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
David Alan Grier just finished a book on the people who did computation before we had electronic machines to do it for us. (When Computers were Human, Princeton University Press, 2005). David writes the column "The Known World" for Computer Magazine. A collection of these pieces were published in 2009 under the title "Too Soon Too Tell: Essays for the end of the computer revolution." (Wiley 2009) He is currently working on a book about the development of software and its impact on organizational structure. Lacking a better title, he is referring to it as "The Big Fat Book of Software." It will inevitably have a neater, more ironic title.
I am interested in the history of human computer interaction, very broadly defined, with more focus on social history, less on engineering history, and an interest in conceptual history though I haven't written about it.
I am interested in the emerging Information Schools and the iCaucus and iConference they sponsor.
For 5 years I have edited and sometimes written a column on history topics for ACM Interactions magazine.
David Gugerli holds the chair for the history of technology at ETH Zurich. He studied history, the history of literature, and literary criticism at the University of Zurich. After receiving his doctorate in 1987, he was a guest researcher at the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme in Paris, visiting professor at the Colegio de México in Mexico City, visiting scholar at Stanford University in Palo Alto, visiting fellow at the International Research Center for Cultural Sciences in Vienna, and twice a fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin (1993/94; 2006). In 1995 he earned a venia legendi (Habilitation) at the University of Zurich. After various publications pertaining to social and cultural history, he published a study in 1996 on the discursive shaping of electrification in Switzerland. This study was awarded both the Rudolf Kellerman Prize for the History of Technology and the Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences Prize in 1997.
Databases are combining the fascination and the terror of any kind of surveillance. This becomes evident in all varieties of thrillers and whodunit series, and it is one of the main driving forces of the never ending debates on data security and data protection. The failure of databases might lead to the general collapse of huge technological infrastructures, whereas their success allows for the installment of customer retention programs, the management and logistics of goods in retail business or the refinement of any other marketing strategies. And vice versa. Failure and success represent the janus-faced appearance of the database. Therefore, databases provoke a whole series of questions
concerning the precarious relation between maintenance and loss of control, between fantasies of totalitarian governance and the joy of individual tether.
My project aims at a critical revision of those promises of empowerment and scenarios of horror, which have been developed during the last 40 years and which marked the advent of the society of control (Deleuze). I plan to dig into those archives of journals, handbooks, public debates, literary narratives and cinematic productions which have been consumed by computer engineers, applied by private and public administrators, sustained by politicians, imagined by writers and staged and produced by the entertainment complex.
Thomas Haigh is an associate professor in the School of Information Studies of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and a partner in The Haigh Group, a historical services organization. He has two degrees in Computer Science from the University of Manchester and a Ph.D. in the History and Sociology of Science from the University of Pennsylvania. Haigh has published articles on the history of: the software and services industry and its leading trade association ADAPSO during the 1960s and 70s; the emergence of the search engine and portal industry; the commercialization of web and email technology; early data base management systems; word processing and office automation; connections between science fiction and the history of technology; the political and social context of the early US computer industry; and the origins of packaged software. Haigh edits the Biographies department of IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, and served on the ACM History Committee. He chairs SIGCIS. He recently edited the collected works of Michael S. Mahoney on the history of computing, for Harvard University Press, authored a provocative reconsideration of the famous 1968 NATO conference on software engineering, and published a comprehensive overview of the history of computing literature for the Annual Review of Information Science and Technology. A manuscript based on some of his dissertation material focused on the rise of technical expertise in administrative systems from office manager to chief information officer over the twentieth century will be submitted to Johns Hopkins Press soon. Haigh also has an interest in the social history of the personal computer, which has led to several conference presentations and some oral history interviews.
Institut f?ºr Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften und der Technik Ludwigs-Maximilians-Universit?§t, M?ºnchen
Matthias Hamm has a degree in Computer Science from LMU. His research interests are the History of Software and Computer Science. He is working on his PhD thesis on Scientific Software Engineering in the 1970s and 1980s.
Munich Center for History of Science and Technology, Deutsches Museum (Munich, Germany); Editorial Board, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing; International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP)
Ulf Hashagen's interests center on the history of scientific computing and applied mathematics in Germany 1900-1970 (http://www.geschichte.uni-freiburg.de/DFG-Geschichte/Hashagen.htm); this project is part of a larger project on the history of the "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" and the German research system 1900-1970. Recent Books: - Form, Zahl, Ordnung: Studien zur Wissenschafts- und Technikgeschichte. Ivo Schneider zum 65. Geburtstag. Edited with M.Folkerts and R. Seising, Stuttgart: Steiner, 2004. - Walther von Dyck (1856-1934): Mathematik, Technik und Wissenschaftsorganisation an der TH MMünchen, Stuttgart: Steiner, 2003. - Circa 1903: Wissenschaftliche und technische Artefakte in der Grundungszeit des Deutschen Museums. Edited with O. Blumtritt and H. Trischler, Munich: Deutsches Museum, 2003. - History of Computing: Software Issues. Edited with R. Keil-Slawik and A. Norberg, Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2002.
David Hemmendinger was a co-editor of the fourth edition of the Encyclopedia of Computer Science, a project that rekindled his interest in the history of science and technology. He has taught a course on the history of computing (Babylonian tablets to tablet PCs) as well as courses on programming languages, computer architecture, and algorithms. He has several projects under way, including a paper on an analog computer used in the dyeing industry, and research to the development of real-time programming techniques, and on the early history of major programming languages. Before getting into computer science in the early 1980s, he worked on the history and philosophy of science.
My main research interest concerns the history of computing in Spain in the second half of 20th century, a period that in Spain partially overlaps with Franco's dictatorship (1939-1975). In this sense, my research aims to contribute to understanding the role of technology in the construction of totalitarian regimes. As part of this project, I am involved in the preservation of computer and information processing heritage, by means of a the establishment of an archive and a library on the history of computing at the UAB. I am also interested in the construction of the public image of computer, in the context of a broader research interest on the interactions between science, technology and the media in the 20th century.
history of technology, especially information technology/media
I am interested in the use of technologies, especially information technologies, as models for understanding our minds, bodies, and societies. So, my research has two main prongs, one is the history of social thought (20th Century U.S.) and the other is the history of information/communication technology. Somehow it all fits together.
Computing, Gender, Sexuality, Europe, Britain and British Empire, Government
I am currently serving as Vice Chair, Operations for the SIGCIS.
My research focuses on the history of computing and gender, particularly in Britain and its former imperial territories. My goal is to study how connections between national prestige, labor, and productivity define collective understandings of technological progress, and how that relates to social progress. I study how labor pools are expanded or constricted by feminization and deskilling, masculinization and professionalization, and the class implications of white and pink collar machine work. I am particularly interested in the global history of computing's ability to enhance and emend U.S.-centric narratives of technological progress.
My recent publications and news are available on my website: www.mariehicks.net
I also occasionally contribute blog posts to the main page here at sigcis.org and helped organize the 2011 SIGCIS workshop--please drop me an email if you'd like to learn more about presenting at a future workshop!
For many years I have been creating ever more simple logic to create computer applications, having a number of papers tracing how this has continued to the point where only a very small platform is required to develop and run any type of application. The next logical step is to place the very small platform currently in prototype on to a field programmable gate array, eliminating machine code altogether, generating what is essentially a Turing Machine. A full description of the approach is given in a fairly recent publication of MicroNano Systems magazine, October 2007.
Founder and Director of a non-profit with the mission of creating a "living archive" of personal computing era CPUs, software, peripherals, documentation and stories in Cambridge MA. http://www.digital-den.org
At SHOT 2009 I presented a paper on a cultural conflict between developers and managers at an iPhone startup, as well as a paper on the connection between the software crisis and object-oriented programming.
I am currently interested in combining these two interests in a dissertation project which will combine an ethnographic study of the Apple/NeXT/"Cocoa" software developer community with a social history of it.
MA in history. MA thesis: "Historiography of Computing in Context". Interests: historiography of computing/computer history literature, the computer history field (in the broadest sense). People and computer history: Software, UI, workers in computer history, people and groups (amateurs, hackers).
Technology of Computing during the Cold War especially in the Soviet Union; Open Source, Gender
Francis Hunger (*1976, Dessau) lives and works in Leipzig, Germany. He received his diploma (2003) and post-graduate degree (2007) from the Academy of Visual Arts, Leipzig. Primarily trained as an artist, his projects try to understand technological developments from two perspectives: Through visual art (installation, performances) and through historical research (essays, books).
His installations and performances deal with the topic of society and technological development, among them: Krystalia (2003), about a female American hacker; The Setun Conspiracy (2005) on the world’s first and only ternary – non binary – computer Setun, developed in Moscow in 1958; International Sputnik Day (2007), a collaborative event addressing the 50th anniversary of the earth’s first artificial satellite, Sputnik. He currently researches issues regarding the history of the first female cosmonaut flight in the Soviet Union.
In 2008 he published a 200 page book in German and English about the world's only working ternary computer called "Setun", developed by Nikolai P. Brusenzov and his team at the Moscow State University in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Lars Ilshammar is a PhD in Contemporary History (thesis "The New Public Sphere: Technology and Politics in Sweden 1979-1999") at Örebro University, Sweden (http://www.oru.se/templates/oruExtNormal.aspx?id=5881). His research concerns ICT-policy and the transformation of the public sphere in the interaction between technology and politics. Lars was founder, and between 2002 and 2004 manager, of the interdisciplinary DemocrIT Research Programme at ?ñrebro University, focusing on ICT, democracy, citizenship and power. His present research is about the international regulation of medias and communication technology during the 1800s and 1900s (Title: "Trans-national ICT-regimes and the Internet as a New European Public Sphere"). With a background in politics and media, and with assignments for the government (including membership of the Swedish ICT-commission), he has experience with ICT-related policy issues on different levels. Lars has also made frequent appearances in national media on relevant research areas. Presently he is manager of the Labour Movement Archives and Library in Stockholm (http://www.arbarkiv.se/).
History and social studies of computing and engineering
Dr. Jesiek's research interests are focused on the epistemological, social, and historical dimensions of engineering and computing, with particular emphasis on subjects related to engineering education, computer engineering, and educational technology. He is also active in the areas of global engineering education and open-source software and hardware.
Software industry history, with a focus on business history.
Luanne Johnson is Co-Chair, with Burton Grad, of the Software Industry Special Interest Group at the Computer History Museum (www.softwarehistory.org). The Software Industry SIG is dedicated to preserving the history of the software industry by conducting oral histories, collecting historical source materials about companies in the industry, and organizing meetings and workshops where industry pioneers can come together to tell their stories. She was the Principal Investigator of the Information Technology Corporate Histories Project (www.computerhistory.org/corphist), funded by the Sloan Foundation and managed by the Computer History Museum with advisory support from the Charles Babbage Foundation. The online collection developed by the project continues to grow through the efforts of the Software Industry SIG and other special interest groups at CHM. Johnson was a co-founder, with Grad, of the Software History Center which was acquired by the Computer History Museum in 2005 and which continues its work as the Software Industry SIG. Her background is in the software industry as the founder of a software company in the early 1970s and subsequently as president of the Information Technology Association of America (formerly ADAPSO).
Two areas of interest - pre-electronic computing devices and corporate history of IT companies. I have a particular interest in computers built by BTM in the UK including the work of Prof A D Booth at Birkbeck College.
From 2003-7 I was Chair of the Computer Conservation (History) Society of the British Computer Society. I am now its Programme Secretary - offers to speak when in London always welcome.
Computer simulations and computer-aided engineering methods
My main interests are in the historical development of simulation and CAE/CAD/CAM software for use by engineers and scientists. I am particularly interested these tools in the desktop-computing/PC-era (i.e., ~1990-present).
My name is Anker Helms Jorgensen, currently employed as Associate Professor at the IT University of Copenhagen. In the last 1-2 years I've become interested in the history of user interfaces to computers. I've written a couple of papers on the topic (see one reference below), but they are from an internalist perspective. Coming from the computer science camp, I'm interested in getting to know the discourse of proper historians. I'm currently struggling with two sides of diversity in my project: creating a feasible bridge between a host of possible research questions and the vast amount of sources available. My background is an MSc in Computer Science and a PhD in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). I've been working as a systems developer, consultant, teacher, supervisor and researcher in User Interfaces, Usability and HCI for the last 30 years.
Reference: Jorgensen, A.H. and Udsen, L.E. (2005): From calculation to culture - a brief history of the computer as interface. In Jensen, K.B. (ed): Interface://Culture - the World Wide Web as a political resource and aesthetic form. Copenhagen: Samfundslitteratur, p. 31-52.
Peggy Aldrich Kidwell presently looks after the mathematics and computer collections at the National Museum of American History. She is much interested in the history of adding and calculating machines, mathematics education and mathematical recreations.
David Kirsch is based in a business school and much of his time is spent thinking and teaching about how the history of technology is intertwined with business history, in particular the worlds of strategy and entrepreneurship. His first major project looked at the early history of the electric vehicle and the role of the electric vehicle in the emergence of the motor vehicle industry ( The Electric Vehicle and the Burden of History (2000) and articles in Business History Review (2002) and Technology and Culture (2001) (the latter two with Gijs Mom)). Kirsch is now working on the emergence of the commercial internet industry, with specific emphasis on the Dot Com era of the late 1990s. To that end, he has created several digital archival collections relating to the Dot Com Era, including the Business Plan Archive ( www.businessplanarchive.org) which holds business planning materials from approximately 2,500 Dot Com era technology ventures. Kirsch is currently processing additional, analog materials that have arrived at the archive and would be delighted to share access to these collections with interested scholars. Also, he is a member of the Library of Congress' National Digital Preservation program (known by its inelegant bureaucratic acronym NDIIPP). More about this network of institutions is available at www.digitalpreservation.gov. Some of the additional collections assembled under this program include legal records of failed Dot Com era companies. These are fascinating, but probably will not be available to researchers for several years due to various confidentiality and ethics concerns. Unfortunately, his own writing on these topics has taken a back seat to the challenges of actually assembling these varied materials and establishing a preservation regime that will ensure their availability to future generations of scholars. There are a few exceptions, including an upcoming paper with Dalit Baranoff on workplace culture in the Dot Com era that we will present at the Business History Conference in May in Minneapolis and a paper on the corporate demographics of the Dot Com boom and bust with Brent Goldfarb that we presented at the American Economics Association last January. As you can see, for some reason he likes to study failed technologies, failed companies, and anything having to do with failure. He doesn't know why.
Man-Machine Systems, ARPAnet project, Xerox Parc, Japanese history of computing,
I have published a book on Alto system at Xerox Parc in the 70's in Japanese. My first book on technological vision on the development and implementations of time-sharing systems was also in Japanese. I hope both books will be translated into English in the near future. I have also started research on early Japanese computer scientist's personal papers. And she chose Kyoto University, one of the leading universities in Japan, to investigate how computing resource was created and what research topics were conducted through it in the 1960s. I hope comparative study on scientific computing between U.S. and Japan will be made through this archival research and interviews. With other Japanese researchers, I am collecting material on CPSR, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility. Currently, I have been serving as a member of editorial board of IEEE Annals of the History of Computing: department editor for Events and Sightings. Please contact me with any information on events, conferences, exhibitions, and so on, related to the history of computing.
2009-2010, I am a visiting scholar of H-Star Institute at Stanford University. I continue to use my work email (firstname.lastname@example.org) and email@example.com while I am at Stanford.
Per Vingaard Klüver is a teaching assistant professor at the History Department at the University of Aarhus in Denmark. He has been working with History of Technology in general and History of Computing as his focal area.
History of portable computers; History of computing in the military; role of end-users in computer history
I have three primary interests. 1., The history of portable computers. I am writing a book on this subject. 2. History of military computing, particularly in the U.S. Army Signal Corps. 3. How to bridge the gap and advocate cooperation between amateurs (vintage computer collectors/hobbyists) and professionals (computer scientists, historians, journalists, professors). In addition, I co-founded and serve as president of MARCH (Mid-Atlantic Retro Computing Hobbyists Inc.) which is a non-profit user group. MARCH operates a grassroots computer museum co-located at the (Wall, New Jersey) InfoAge Science Center and hosts the annual Vintage Computer Festival East.
As a scholar of cultural studies I am interested the history and philosophy of technology, in particular of information technologies: My PhD thesis unfolds the intractable genealogy and evidence of the so called "Moore’s Law".
Currently I do research on the historical epistemology of information architectures in the context of interdisciplinarity research and organizational design at the cluster of excellence Image Knowledge Gestaltung at the Humboldt University.
Most of my research is inspired by the philosophical questions of the „order and orientation“ and the human condition in the digital age.
Vernacular Culture and Music, Cultural and Intellectual History, Citizenship, Public Sphere, Mass Media, Technology, Consumerism, 1960s
I am a historian of modern US cultural and intellectual history, with interests in vernacular culture and music, citizenship and the public sphere, intellectual and cultural history, mass media and technology. Book -- The Republic of Rock: Music and Citizenship in the Sixties Counterculture (OUP, 2013); blogs, issuesindigitalhistory.net, culturerover.com.
Institute for European Studies University of Louvain Place des Doyens 1 B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve Belgium
Arthe Van Laer is preparing a PhD thesis in Contemporary History on the policy of the European Communities in the field of information and communication technologies (from the first EC initiatives in the middle of the 1960s to the launch of the ESPRIT programme in 1984).
modeling and simulation in biology, retrocomputing in artificial intelligence
History of computer modeling and simulation in Biology. I am interested in the history of Artificial Life as well as in the reconstruction of historical simulations in Artificial Intelligence using retrocomputing methods. I wrote a book about Alan Turing biography (in Spanish, see http://bioinformatica.net, First edition 2005, second 2010). In summer 2008 I was visiting in UK: Bletchley Park, "baby" computer in Manchester, etc. recording a video and taking photographs, etc.
John Laprise's research explores the inter-relationship between ICT adoption, policy, and national security in the US. My current research focuses on the Nixon, Ford, and Carter Administrations, examining how and why computers were initially adopted by these White Houses and how adoption shaped US policy. I have worked as a telecommunications and competitive intelligence consultant designing, executing, and managing projects for Fortune 500 clients. My work has been published in the IEEE journal Technology and Society.
History of Development and Application of Information Technology in Business
Timo Leimbach is working on PhD thesis about "The Software Industry in Germany. Development and Application of Inforamtion Technology between the 1950s and 1990s.". The aim of the thesis is not only to show how the German software companies like SAP AG or Software AG and others like Softlab were created and how the succeed in the German market and as well in the World market. Beside of this the major aim of the work is to show how the interaction of development and use of Software and in a broader sense Information Technology created and changed the conditions of the structures in the case of of the German Software Industry. This includes a discussion of the impact of computer systems in companies and the interaction with consulting firms in the field of organizational and strategic consulting.
Theodore Lekkas is a doctoral candidate at the University of Athens. He is currently working on the history of Greek software houses. A more special research interest is related to how the icon of Europe influenced the development of the Greek Software Industry.
Bernadette Longo is an Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in the field of scientific and technical communication. Her books "Spurious Coin: A History of Science, Management, and Technical Writing" (SUNY Press, 2000) and "Citical Power Tools: Technical Communication and Cultural Studies" (co-edited with Blake Scott and Katherine Wills, SUNY Press, 2006) explore the intersections of technical communication and society. She is currently writing a biography of computer pioneer Edmund Berkeley and his ideas of the social responsibilities of computer developers. This biography is part of a larger research project exploring how the metaphors of robot and brain shaped what we think of as (im)possible human-computer relationships.
Late 19th & early 20th C US technology and business
Rob MacDougall is a historian of technology and business in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with a special interest in the pre-history of computing and the information networks of Gilded Age North America. His book manuscript, The People's Telephone, is a comparative history of the telephone industry in the United States and Canada from the 1870s through the 1920s, and the way the dueling networks of that era embodied competing arguments about the economy and society. He is also interested in the history of crank inventors and pseudoscience in America, and blogs informally at www.robmacdougall.org.
Automation and mechanisation on financial services.
Financial institutions and banking activity in Europe in relation to the economic and institutional change. More specifically banks and saving banks relationships.
Monetary markets in Spain and Europe in eighteenth and ninetieth centuries.
Current Research Program:
"Technological change and market contestability: the automation of European banks," in collaboration: Dr. B. Batiz-Lazo (School of Management, University of Leicester-UK), and Prof. Paul Thomes (Aachen University-Germany);
"Integration of Monetary Markets in historical perspective. The application of the univariate and multivariate GARCH models‚" in collaboration Dr. Emma M. Iglesias, Michigan State University (USA).
History Department and Office for the History of Science and Technology, UC Berkeley
History of Technology, Intellectual History
My dissertation looks at computer development in the United States in the context of industrial organization from the 1950s-1970s. I am interested in relating computing technology to social thought concerning labor and identity.
I was a history major in college and have been working in the IT field for 8 years, in roles from Sales, Consulting to Technician. I have an interest in "marrying" my love of history with the love of my profession. I wish to be part of an organization who I can work with on researching the history of how we communicate today.
I currently teach Information Systems, but recently completed a part-time PhD at the Centre for the History of Science Technology and Medicine at the University of Manchester (viva August 2010) under the supervision of James Sumner. My thesis title is 'Centring the computer in the business of banking: Barclays Bank and technological change, 1954-1974' [a copy awaiting corrections is available from my home page]. My work considers the sociology and history of computing work from spatial and temporal perspectives. I have concentrated thus far on business history and the banking sector.
Chris McDonald is a PhD student in the Princeton History of Science program. Before entering the world of history, he studied computer science and worked in the computer industry. His areas of interest include the history of electronics and computing, the history of Cold War science and technology, and modern American history. He is working on a thesis on the history of the utility model of computing - that is to say, the idea of delivering computer power like electrical power. He is interested in its intellectual origins, its political implications, and its technological instantiations.
Paul McJones is interested in the history of computer software, particularly from a scientific and engineering point of view: the evolution of algorithms, abstractions, systems, languages, applications, etc. He is currently involved in collecting and preserving source code, design documentation, user documentation, etc., of historic software. As a founding member of the Software Preservation Group at the Computer History Museum, he has assembled several collections including the original IBM 704 Fortran/Fortran II compiler from the team led by John Backus (it is now possible to rebuild this compiler from assembly language and to execute it on a simulator). His past projects include editing the oral history of the 1995 SQL Reunion (of veterans of System R and other pioneering relational database systems). In addition to these activities, he has been employed in software research and development since 1967, including early timesharing and programming language work at U.C. Berkeley, functional programming and transaction processing at IBM Research, personal distributed computing at Xerox, Tandem, and DEC, and enterprise software at two startups. He and Alexander Stepanov recently published the book _Elements of Programming_.
With a background in experimental psychology, artificial intelligence, and computer science, I was hired at EMU back in the 1980s to teach AI. Got into computer design and software engineering because of departmental teaching needs, and have dabbled in many related research areas. Have long had interests in the history of technology and business. In the last seven years or so, have done some work on early systems analysis, UCSD Pascal, Algol, and approaches to handling risk. (Have been a member of SIGCIS since about 2005, though my profile reads three days!)
Eden Medina is Assistant Professor of Informatics and Computing and Adjunct Assistant Professor of History. Medina's research uses technology as a means to understand historical processes and she combines the history of technology, Latin American history, and science and technology studies in her writings. She is the author of Cybernetic Revolutionaries: Technology and Politics in Allende's Chile (MIT Press, 2011). The book tells the history of the Chilean Cybersyn Project, an early computer network designed to regulate Chile's economic transition to socialism during the government of Salvador Allende. She uses the Cybersyn history to illustrate how political innovation can spur technological innovation, the ways that political projects shape the design, function, and use of computer systems, and how computers have been used historically to bring about structural changes in society. Medina has received grants and fellowships from the Social Science Research Council and the American Council for Learned Societies, the National Science Foundation, the Charles Babbage Institute, the Mellon Foundation, and the Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology. In 2007 she received the IEEE Life Members' Prize in Electrical History. She currently serves as Associate Editor of the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing.
Peter Meyer was a software engineer at Symantec Corp from 1988-1994, then went to graduate school in economics. Now he is a research economist in the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics in Washington D.C., in the office that produces productivity statistics. He explores similarities and differences between episodes of dramatic technological change, such as these: New technologies seem produce statistically measurable turbulence in society, like a rise in earnings inequality. And, radically new technologies seem to advance through open-source kinds of development. Both phenomena could come about because new technologies are hard to predict. He has an interest in open source type technology development in software and elsewhere.
I am a historian specializing in the interactions of technology and modern culture. My undergraduate degree is from M.I.T. (1981) and my Ph.D. from University of Pennsylvania (1987). At Illinois Institute of Technology (1987-2005) I taught courses on computer history, the global economy, technology and culture, business history, industrial culture, technological risk, and history of engineering. I have been active in the Society for the History of Technology, the international Tensions of Europe network, and several collaborative research and book projects. Presently I am director of the Charles Babbage Institute, holding the ERA Land-Grant Chair in History of Technology with an appointment in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. At CBI we are archiving the personal, company, and institutional records that shape the history of information technology as well as building research tools.
History of Computing in Belgium; Computational error; Material cultures of computing; Failure (in system, human aspects and national development)
For her PhD Sandra Mols worked on practices of scientific computing, exploring how uses of scientific computing allowed elaboration and warranting of scientific knowledge. She explored the emergence and role of expert know-how at tackling the errors occurring during computational processing of information. Her work examines practices of computational methods in British crystallography that began, from the 1930s onwards to make extensively use of harmonic and least-squares modelling. She showed how research making extensive use of computational techniques led to the growth of expert skills and knowledge in the analysis and processing of results and their related errors. Ihis acquisition of skills was due to facing troubles with the limitations coming from the technical specificities of machines (e.g. storage)‚ and of computational methods (e.g. modelling assumptions). People and topics she has explored are numerical analysts, Fourier analysis, error analysis (esp. related to truncation and rounding-off), experimental error, numbers and quantification, conflict between mathematical and broader scientific understanding of computational error.
In 2007, Mols moved towards a project on the exploration of the history of computing in Belgium (www: http://www.fundp.ac.be/recherche/axes/page_view/1053/). As regards to primary sources, this project had led to a first collect of interviews and of more traditional archives for the historical and sociological exploration of computing in Belgium of which cataloguing and treatment is under way. As regards to analysis, Mols's interests lay with the exploration of the processes at work in the transfer, dissemination and appropriation of electronic computing technology and know-how to continental Europe.
interactive fiction and narrative * imaginative and poetic digital writing * material history of computing * video and computer games * creativity and computing
Montfort, with Ian Bogost, wrote Racing the Beam: The Atari Video Computer System (MIT Press, 2009), the first book in the Platform Studies series. He wrote Twisty Little Passages: An Approach to Interactive Fiction (MIT Press, 2003), and, with William Gillespie, 2002: A Palindrome Story (Spineless Books, 2002), which the Oulipo acknowledged as the world's longest literary palindrome. He also edited The Electronic Literature Collection Volume 1 (with N. Katherine Hayles, Stephanie Strickland, and Scott Rettberg, ELO, 2006) and The New Media Reader (with Noah Wardrip-Fruin, MIT Press, 2003). His current work is on narrative variation in interactive fiction and the role of platforms in creative computing.
Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn has published two books:
• In 2010 on the emergence of computing in French research and higher education:
L'Informatique en France, de la Seconde Guerre mondiale au Plan Calcul. L'Emergence d'une Science
(Presses de l'Université Paris-Sorbonne, 2010, 720 p.)
• In 2013 on information technologies in a major French bank:
Mémoires Vives. 50 Ans d'Informatique chez BNP Paribas (BNP Paribas, 2013, 196 p.)
His main fields of interest are:
• The historical geography of computer science and the process of academic discipline building
• IT in banks
• Computer & peripheral manufacturers in France, particularly IBM, Bull, SEA, and new entrants
• Software & service companies, particularly the service bureau sector
• The development of early Air & Navy defense systems, and their influence on the French computer industry
• Governmental policies regarding computer technology and industry.
• Transnational relationships in the scientific and industrial spheres, particularly between the USA and France, within Europe and with the former communist countries.
He collects contemporary art in the form of vintage computer cards and components.
P. Mounier-Kuhn has co-organized a number of international conferences, exhibitions and publications in these fields, and published some 50 papers in French and in English. He participated in "Software for Europe", a collaborative research project within the European Science Foundation. He served in the jury of the Computer History Museum Book Prize (2010-2012).
Between 1998 and 2005 Jan Mueggenburg studied media studies, philosophy and British cultural studies at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany) and the Edith Cowan University in Perth (Australia). He wrote his master thesis comparing historical and current strategies of exhibiting the history of computing in museums of technology. From 2006 to 2009 as a member of the doctoral program »The Sciences in Historical Context« at the University of Vienna he was working on his doctoral dissertation on Heinz von Foerster’s Biological Computer Laboratory. Jan Mueggenburg is currently holding the position of an assistant researcher at the Institute of Philosophy at the University of Vienna and will be a fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in 2010.
European cooperation - computer science - programming languages
David Nofre has a PhD in the history of science from Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. In the years between 2008 and 2011 he was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Informatics Institute of the University of Amsterdam. He specializes in the history of computing, with special emphasis on the history of software, programming languages, and European cooperation in computing.
Department of History, University of South Carolina
History of Biomedical Computing
I am on academic leave for the year 2007-2008 to serve as the DeWitt Stetten, Jr. Fellow at the National Institutes of Health. There my research explores the role of the NIH in promoting the development of computer technology in the 1960s. Specifically, I am investigating the NIH's Advisory Committee on Computers in Research (ACCR) during its tenure as the primary sponsor, and arguably the primary shaper, of American biomedical computing in the early-to-mid 1960s. Generously supported by a U.S. Senate trying to boost United States science vis-à-vis the USSR, the ACCR fostered the development of several major biomedical computing centers (at MIT, UCLA, and Washington University, among others) as well as exemplary computer systems, most notably the Laboratory Instrument Computer (LINC), a predecessor to the personal computer, and the Dendritic Algorithm (DENDRAL), an early expert system. For all of its influence, however, the ACCR's goals and workings remain opaque. By directly examining NIH archival collections, private collections, artifacts (e.g., computers and analog-to-digital conversion equipment), and interviewing surviving participants, I aim to elucidate the precise priorities of the ACCR and place those priorities into the context of the NIH's transformation into a major center and sponsor of research during the 1960s.
Videogame Development; History of Computing; Science and Technology Studies
Casey O'Donnell is an Assistant Professor in the Grady College at the University of Georgia. His research examines the complex socio-technical intersections/interactions that occur during the design and development of videogames. This research examines the power dynamics that occur in both professional "AAA" organizations and formal and informal "independent" game development communities. His research has spanned game development companies from the United States to India. His research examines issues of work, production, copyright, as well as third world and postcolonial aspects of the videogame development workplace.
History of Interactions between computers and the physical sciences
Allan's research focuses on the role of the computer in the natural sciences, particularly physics and astronomy. He completed his doctoral dissertation on the scientific career of astronomer, IBM researcher and computer pioneer Wallace J. Eckert (1902-1971) in the fall of 2010 and received his degree from the University of Toronto in 2011. He is now focusing his research on the role of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in celestial mechanics in the later half of the 20th century. He also has interests in the early history of computers in the 1940s and 50s, the use of calculating machines in science in the pre-computer era, especially IBM machines in the 1930s and 40s, the practice and culture of computation in science in the pre-computer era, and the history of IBM. Finally Allan also has an interest in the philosophical implications of the computer's use in science.
International history of computing, IBM World Trade Corp.
Petri Paju wrote his dissertation (Cultural History, University of Turku, 2008) on information technology and nationalism. Dissertation title: Building ”Ilmarinen’s Finland”: the Committee for Mathematical Machines and computer construction as a national project in the 1950s. University of Turku publications C 269. -It's in Finnish with an English Summary in the end.
Petri's current research deals with IBM's various roles in Europe during the Cold War. He is a member of the Software for Europe project group in European Science Foundation’s research programme Inventing Europe, Technology and the Making of Europe, from 1850 to the Present (2007–2010).
Paju, Petri: “IBM Manufacturing in the Nordic Countries.” In John Impagliazzo, Per Lundin, Benkt Wangler (Eds.): History of Nordic Computing 3. IFIP AICT 350. Springer, Heidelberg 2011, 215–227.
Paju, Petri & Durnová, Helena: “Computing Close to the Iron Curtain: Inter/national Computing Practices in Czechoslovakia and Finland.” Comparative Technology Transfer and Society. December 2009, vol. 7, no. 3 issue. /
Impagliazzo, John & Järvi, Timo & Paju, Petri (Eds.), History of Nordic Computing 2. Springer, Berlin 2009. /
Paju, Petri: ”National Projects and International Users: Finland and Early European computerization”. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing. Vol. 30, 4/2008, 77–91. -- Articles are available on my website.
Digital Networks history
Phd in Information and Communication sciences (held from Univesity Paris 8, France), researching Internet history and more specifically the evolution of social communication on digital networks and the role of computer sciences and engineering communities in the development of socio-technical networks. Currently post-doctoral researcher at Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (Paris, France), associate researcher at laboratories DICEN (Devices for Information and Communication in the Digital Era) and HT2S (History of Technosciences in Society). I discovered SIGGCIS through the Association of Internet Researchers mailing-list.
My doctoral research project is about computing and the rise of a statistical frame of mind in agricultural and biological research. I want to examine how computing practices and instruments – especially digital computers – gave to both mathematicians and life scientists effective tools for tackling with statistics biological and agricultural problems and which role played computing in the development of a statistical frame of mind.
I will consider two case studies in Britain, the Statistical Department at Rothamsted Experimental Station and the Galton Laboratory at University College London. At Rothamsted since the 1920s Ronald A. Fisher promoted the statisticians’ active involvement into the design of surveys and field experiments, the acquisition of mechanical aids for computation and the hiring of human computers. In 1954, thanks to Frank Yates, Fisher's successor, Rothamsted housed the first digital computer in Britain devoted to statistical calculations and made it available for a wide community of researchers, including workers from the Galton Laboratory. Investigating computing practices, methodologies and negotiations among statisticians, biologists and agricultural scientists in the local context throughout the period 1930s-mid 1970s will offer an enriched portrait of the development of a statistical frame of mind in agriculture and life sciences in Britain.
I'm a graduate student at the Software Engineering Lab of Prof. Zeller at Mit, united states
La machine à café Senseo brasseur seule tasse de café est idéal pour ceux qui veulent une bonne tasse de café aromatique et fraîchement infusé à tout moment. La machine à café Senseo est si facile à utiliser, avec seulement 3 boutons à pousser.
Si vous êtes une personne qui n'ont pas le temps d'attendre ni la patience de brasser un pot entier en utilisant la cafetière filtre classique ou veut tout simplement d'avoir seulement une tasse, puis le brasseur seule tasse de café est parfait pour vous.
Le prix de cet appareil de cuisine varie considérablement en fonction de votre choix et exigences. En raison de la concurrence accrue entre les fabricants et aussi en raison du fait que ces machines sont couramment achetés par de nombreuses familles à travers le monde, les prix ont chuté de façon significative, ce qui en fait une option économique pour aider à profiter de votre boisson expresso favori tout en vous relaxant dans votre maison .
Une fonction supplémentaire impressionnante de la machine à café Nespresso, c'est que vous n'avez plus à deviner la mesure de votre quantité de café à infuser, il est donc facile d'avoir la tasse d'espresso idéal. La réalité est, cela est rendu possible grâce à l'utilisation des pré-remplies de propriété capsules de bouchage en aluminium. Pour ceux qui préfèrent l'utilisation de grains de café, les gousses peuvent être commandés directement auprès de Nespresso à moins que ceux dans les magasins de vente au détail les plus. Même ceux qui désirent préparer une seule tasse n'aurez pas de problèmes dans l'exécution ainsi.
I completed my PhD in History at Stony Brook University in 2008. I also have an MA in the history of technology, environment, and medicine from the Federated History Department of NJIT/Rutgers-Newark. My main research interest is technology, gender, and labor. I also have research interests in the history of medicine and I have begun a new project that looks at American expatriate oil workers.
I have always been fascinated by both Architecture and Computing Technology. My background comes as an architect in the conservation of archaeological sites with a passion for technology. In these last years I have increased my skills and knowledge in HCI, interaction Design, Design Theory etc.
I'm historian and communication researcher from Bogota, Colombia. I'm a Phd graduate student at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. My actual research interest is cybernetics theory and social policies in Colombia. Last year I finished a research on the history of the Systems and Computing Engineering Department at Universidad de los Andes, with professor Francisco Rueda. Nowadays in an organizer of the SHIALC (Simposio de Historia de la Informática en América Latina y el Caribe) and also a fellow research of the Learning to see Systems iniciative at the Graduate School of the University of Illinois.
Sprott School of Business - Carleton University
History of Information and Communication Technologies
The phenomenology of objects within the OO paradigm
The sociology of human computer interaction
Brian Randall's main research interests are actually in computer science, specifically on system dependability and fault tolerance. His interest in the history of computing was kick-started by coming across the then almost unknown work of Percy Ludgate. This was over thirty years ago, when he was preparing an inaugural lecture, and led on to producing the book "The Origins of Computers", and to his investigating the Colossus wartime code-breaking machines. He is a founder member of the Editorial Board of the Annals. In recent years his work on computer history has been largely reactive rather than proactive. Worse still, he's found that he tends to be contacted by people who are treating him as a historical artefact than a historian! :-) This is because their historical interests have concerned projects that he was involved in personally! This has happened recently in connection with his involvement in the original NATO Software Engineering conferences, his work at IBM in the (at the time very secret) Project Y and then ACS super-computer projects, and on the English Electric KDF9, an early stack machine. Most recently he has provided, on request, an article on Percy Ludgate to the Dictionary of Irish biography, and has done some investigation of a little-known early Scottish calculating device, the Rotula Arithmetica, having happened to stumble across one of the few surviving examples in a small Scottish museum while he was on holiday.
Joy studies the history of digital technologies, primarily the history of computing, focusing on the post-World War II era in the United States. Her dissertation examines how 1960s and 1970s users of time-sharing systems experienced individualized, interactive computing, balancing a study of user experiences with an analysis of the technologies that enabled those experiences. Her work addresses the multiple contexts in which personal computing arose, as well as business history, gender and technology, and computing and the human experience. Joy is also interested in the history of biotechnology, math and science education, science and technology policy, and maps of all kinds. She graduated magna cum laude from Dartmouth College, where she double-majored in mathematics and history. After college, Joy enjoyed a successful career launching educational programs ranging from an online ESL website to online Advanced Placement courses for high school students, a career that brought her from Boston to Portland, Oregon to Durham, North Carolina and Geneva, Switzerland. Joy attained her master’s degree at Duke University, concentrating in the history and sociology of science.
Erik Rau comes to this subject more from the history of information, rather than from the history of computing, computers, or software. His current research is on the history of operations research, and so he has been interested in issues related to the collection, analysis, processing,and uses of information, particularly in modeling, simulation, and their relation to policymaking. His interest extends to the social relations and material culture at the heart of information processes. Rau's book project at the moment is about the adoption of operations research in the United States, 1942-52, but he also has in his sights on more contemporary contexts. He has drafted an article on libraries and their brief embrace of OR in the 1960s and 1970s, which addresses issues of library modernization and its impact on the information commons, which is to appear in a collection edited by W. Boyd Rayward. This volume will include a number of the articles that appeared in the double-issue on library/information science published by the Annals of the History of Computing in 2002. Much of the material developed during his year as the 2002-3 Garfield Fellow in the History of Scientific Information at the Chemical Heritage Foundation. He situates himself at the user end of of the history of computing universe. Rau is teaching at Drexel University and teaches a graduate seminar in the history of information.
Digital labor and “knowledge work,” and the reconfigurations of labor and production in a Post-Industrial, globalized context. Personal digital media creation and curation in and as resistance movement(s), with special emphasis on the Wisconsin Labor Protests of 2011. The nature of digital information, information transmission and dissemination, information as commodity/currency. Legacy state information systems, with special focus on the Minitel.
Andrew L. Russell is an assistant professor in the College of Arts & Letters at Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey. In 2007 he completed a Ph.D. in the History of Science and Technology from The Johns Hopkins University. His dissertation was titled "'Industrial Legislatures': Consensus Standardization in the Second and Third Industrial Revolutions." He has published articles and book chapters on the history of the Internet, telecommunications standards, and the World Wide Web Consortium. He is working on two book projects. The first is a study of the history of communication networks from the vantage point of standardization. The second, in its early stages, explores how modular principles moved from their origins in the realm of architecture and became adopted by professionals in a variety of fields, including computer science, economics, organizational science, and beyond.
Andrew has a B.A. in History from Vassar College and an M.A. in History from the University of Colorado at Boulder. Before entering graduate school, he worked for two years in the Harvard Information Infrastructure Project at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. In 2007-2008 he was a postdoctoral fellow in the John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute at Duke University.
I am working on a new project to map the history of the digital world in a single volume.
Background: I am the Chief Innovation Officer of The Irish Times and an associate on the emerging digital environment at the Judge Business School of the University of Cambridge. I have a PhD from the University of Cambridge. I am the author of 'A History of the Internet and the Digital Future' (http://www.thehistoryoftheinternet.net/). My previous research was the most cited source in the European Commission’s official impact assessment that decided against pursuing an EU-wide system of web censorship.
Petri Saarikoski specialises in the history of finnish home computing, computer game culture and computer hobby. He is especially interested in computer users' relation to various subcultures and computer clubs. He has also studied the issues associated with digitalization and media culture. Petri has been engaged in two major research projects. Petri's research focus is the study of media culture and the history of finnish information technology. The latest project is called "Information Technology in Finland after World War II: The Actors and Their Experiences 2002- 2005" (Director: professor Hannu Salmi, Cultural History, University of Turku. Financed by the Ministry of Trade and Industry/TEKES). The web-site is: http://www.utu.fi/hum/historia/kh/tiesu/. Right now we are planning to publish a monograph, which in general summarises our research results. We also try to arrange an international seminar in history of technology. Most of the participants come from Scandinavia. He is teaching and researching in Digital Culture / Department of Cultural Production and Landscape Studies (University of Turku). Publications: Club Activity in the Early Phases of Microcomputing in Finland (2005). This one was recently published in History of Nordic Computing. IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, Vol. 174 Bubenko, Janis; Impagliazzo, John; Solvberg, Arne (eds.). Petri's PhD. is called "Koneen lumo. Mikrotietokoneharrastus Suomessa 1970-luvulta 1990-luvun puoliväliin" (The Lure of the Machine. The Personal Computer Interest in Finland from the 1970s to the mid- 1990s, 2004). English summary is here http://users.utu.fi/petsaari/lure.pdf
Corinna Schlombs is currently completing her dissertation in the international history of computing. She examines how computers carried the American values of democracy, productivity and collaborative industrial relations across the Atlantic. To this end, she investigates transfers of computing technology and culture between the US and Western Europe during the two decades following WWII, in particular through a governmental program - the Marshall Plan - and by two leading US computer manufacturers - IBM and Remington Rand. Her interests include the history of office automation and computing and gender.
University of Roma La Sapienza
Science and Technology Studies, Gendes Studies, Communication and IT
History of information an communication technology
*Rudolf Seising*, received an MS degree in mathematics from the Ruhr University of Bochum in 1986, a PhD degree in philosophy of science from the Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU) of Munich in 1995, and a postdoctoral lecture qualification (PD) in history of science from the LMU in 2004.
He has been scientific assistant for computer sciences at the University of the Armed Forces in Munich from 1988 to 1995
and scientific assistant for history of sciences at the same university from 1995 to 2002. From 2002 to 2008 he was scientific assistant in the Core unit for medical statistics and informatics at the University Vienna Medical School, which in 2004 became the Medical University of Vienna. Since 2005 he is also college lecturer in the faculty of History and Arts, institute of history of sciences, at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich.
From April to September 2008 he was acting as a professor for the history of science at the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena. He has been Visiting scholar at the University of California at Berkeley in 2000, 2001 and 2002 and at the University of Turku, Finland in 2008. Since January 2009 he is Visiting Researcher at the European Centre for
Soft Computing in Mieres, Spain.
Len Shustek has been Chairman of the Computer History Museum -- formerly The Computer Museum History Center -- since 1996. His background is Physics (BS, MS, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn) and Computer Science (MS, PhD, Stanford University). This "third career" was inspired by teaching a graduate course in computer architecture at Stanford in 1995 and realizing how little of the history was being taught, and preserved.
My work in the history of computing and information technology falls into three major themes:
- The diffusion of IT innovations: focusing on software (knowledge and networks) rather than hardware (artefacts) I analyze the diffusion of IT innovations in Swedish private business, primarily in the mainframe era up to c. 1980. The innovations I have studied include digital computing for technical computation; materials- and production planning; numerical control and industrial automation; and management control. I am especially interested in interpersonal and interorganizational networks, discourses of technology, and intermediaries of knowledge diffusion such as industry organizations and research institutes.
- IT use and changing practices and discourses of management in big business: in an ongoing in-depth study of the use of various forms of computer technology at the electrical engineering firm Asea between 1950 and 1976, I analyze from an actor-perspective the interrelation between changes in information technology use and discourses and practices of management, with separate studies of the use of technical computation, administrative data processing, numerical control and automation, production and inventory control, and logistics, as well as the development of products and services containing computer technology, notably process control systems and robotics.
- IT-based, knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship: the historical development of Swedish management consulting, IT consulting, outsourcing, and internet advertising. Using the framework of knowledge work proposed by Mats Alvesson together with product life-cycle analysis, entrepreneurship theory and industrial dynamics, I analyze the entrepreneurship and management in these industries in relation to technical and social change. In particular, I am about to conclude a two-year project on entrepreneurship in digital advertising, a remarkable Swedish creative success story.
Rebecca Slayton is a lecturer in Public Policy and Visiting Scholar in the Center for International Security and Cooperation, both at Stanford University. Her research examines how experts assess the promise and risks of complex technology, how they make their claims politically persuasive, and how these processes shape intertwined systems of technology and governance. Her book, Arguments that Count: Physics, Computing, and Missile Defense, 1949-2012 (MIT Press, forthcoming), shows how public debate and scientific advising on missile defense changed with the rise of software engineering and concerns about the risks of complex technological systems. In addition to publications in physics and the sociology of science and technology, she has published articles and essays on computing in History and Technology, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, and Applied Clinical Informatics.
Keith Smillie has a B.A. in Mathematics and Physics from the University of Western Ontario and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Mathematical Statistics from the University of Toronto. After spending several years in Ottawa working in private industry and the Federal Government, he came to the University of Alberta in 1963 and joined the Department of Computing Science when it was formed in 1964. His principal teaching interests were computing courses for students in the humanities and the agricultural sciences and his research was in statistical applications of the array languages APL, Nial and J. After retirement in 1992 he continued his research on the statistical and pedagogical applications of J for a number of years. For the last few years his main research interests have been in the history of computing, especially the evolution of APL and J and the development of computing at the University of Alberta. He has been a member of the Editorial Board of the Annals of the History of Computing since his retirement.
I am a writer and editor at The Register, an online publication for IT professionals and enthusiasts based in the UK. I have researched and written numerous articles on the history of Britain's home computer revolution, which began in 1977 and lasted until the collapse of the market in the mid-1980s. I have interviewed many key participants in this story, and work where possible with primary source material. I am currently writing a book on the subject.
Here are just a handful of examples of my SIGCIS-relevant work:
History of Computing, Digital Humanities, New Zealand History
I am Senior Lecturer in Digital Humanities at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. I've recently returned to academic life after spending 5 years outside academe working in the IT industry, as a technical writer and editor, business analyst, and project manager. My doctorate is in New Zealand history. I've made some tentative efforts to develop the history of technology in New Zealand - it's an underdeveloped field in our country - and am currently starting a book project on the history of computing in New Zealand from 1970 - 2000. I've been aware of SHOT and SIGCIS for some time, and probably came across them on the Internet. I'd like to get to know what the community is interested in, and hopefully become involved in some of your activities and conferences.
Dag Spicer is CHM's "Chief Content Officer," and is responsible for creating the intellectual frameworks and interpretive schema of the Museum's various programs and exhibitions. He also leads the Museum's strategic direction relating to its collection of computer artifacts, films, documents, software and ephemera--the largest collection of computers and related materials in the world.
Dag also undertakes research for legal and commercial intellectual property specialists and writes on computer history for various media and scholarly organizations. Since he began in 1996, he has given hundreds of interviews with major news organizations and is recognized internationally as a subject matter expert in the field.
Prior to joining the Museum, he spent a decade as a digital circuit designer, eventually founding two successful companies, Pacific Engineering Group and Pacific Documentation Group, both based in Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada).
Seeking to understand the deeper forces at work behind the nature of scientific and technological innovation, he left engineering to pursue an interest in the history of science and graduated from Trinity College (University of Toronto) in 1993 with a B.A. (Hons.) in History and an M.A. in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology in 1995.
Spicer was attending the History of Science Ph.D. program (with a Ph.D. minor in electrical engineering) at Stanford University under Tim Lenoir when, in his second year, CHM Board Chairman Len Shustek and Museum co-founders Gwen and Gordon Bell approached him about managing the collection at the Museum. He accepted, leaving Stanford with a second Master's degree (A.M.) in 1997.
Spicer is on the Editorial Board of the IEEE Annals for the History of Computing and is a member of the American Historical Association (AHA), the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT), and the American Association for the History of Medicine.
He volunteers at Stanford University Medical Center in the Department of Surgery and has a lifelong interest in internal medicine, surgical techniques, and the disciplinary foundations and history of medicine. His hobbies include swimming, hockey, computer architecture, limnology, and Cycladic art.
History of information societies
I work on the history of information and information technology among poverty action efforts. My work's focused on India so far, but I would love to know more on who's working on these themes using other methods and in other regions of the world
History of large technological systems, Technology and Culture
I am currently researching and writing on the origins of electronic payment systems and the construction of the "cashless-checkless society." My first book, entitled Electronic Value Exchange: Origins of the VISA Electronic Payment System, will be published by Springer in early 2011.
The history of computers and computer-related policy concerns are Christopher Sterling's primary interests, more particularly collecting books about the rise and development of computer hardware. A member of the editorial board of the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, he has an article forthcoming in that journal on some of the policy lessons of Teletext in the U.S. He is presently completing a one-volume encyclopedia of military communications history which includes many computer-related entries (and still seeks authors!) and will be published by ABC-CLIO in 2007. The central role of computers in communications is another interest area. Author or Editor of nearly 20 books, Sterling is senior author of the forthcoming Shaping American Telecommunications: A History of Technology, Policy, and Economics (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2006).
History of Information, Communication, and Telecommunicatoins Systems
Prior to joining Quinnipiac University, Subramanian worked at IBM Advanced Technology Lab as Senior Software Engineer. He was the project lead for the development of a new-generation collaboration tool, which has since become the IBM Community Tools Suite. He was also the project lead for the development of an intra-company P2P resource sharing prototype code-named “Mesh,” and holds two U.S. patents in these areas. Prior to IBM, Subramanian has held the following positions: Associate Professor of MIS (tenured), College of Business and Public Policy, University of Alaska, Anchorage; Instructor of Computer Science, Rutgers University, NJ; Member of the Technical Staff (MTS), Database Research District, Bell Communications Research, Morristown, NJ; Consultant, Anchorage Chamber of Commerce; Consultant, British Petroleum Exploration, Anchorage, Alaska.
Department of Philosophy and History of Science, Kyoto University
I have been a PhD student at Kyoto University and from 2008 to 2009 I am a visiting student researcher at University of Minnesota. My focus is on the history of information technology in mid-20th century; computing technology, circuit analysis and switching theory, artificial intelligence. I am also interested in the information retrieval.
The history of personal computers, in particular, operating systems (from ROM-based to disk-based), development tools (languages, editors, etc.), and personal productivity software; personal computers, portable and hand-held computers; documentation, manuals, magazines, and newsletters; people and companies.
James Sumner has broad interests across the history of technology and is Associate Director of the UK National Archive for the History of Computing (NAHC) at the University of Manchester. His present research focuses on microcomputing, standards and compatibility, and he is currently supervising PhD research on the social history of the 1980s microcomputer boom and on the labor history of commercial computing, both in British context. He is an Associate Partner in the ESF-funded Software for Europe program.
Melanie Swalwell is currently working on a suite of projects on the history of digital games in New Zealand. This research has highlighted the national and regional differences in early digital products such as games. Essays from this research have appeared in Vectors (2006, http://vectorsjournal.org/index.php?page=7&projectId=66&issueCurrent=3), the Journal of Visual Culture (2007), Aotearoa Digital Arts Reader, and are forthcoming in Convergence and Ludologica Retro. She leads the NZTronix project, which is researching the history and preservation needs of early digital games in New Zealand (www.nztronix.co.nz). Swalwell's "Early New Zealand Software Database" (2007-) seeks to collect information on software written locally in the 1980s and 90s (http://nztronix.org.nz/main.php).
Associate Professor of Integrated Science and Technology
James Madison University
History of Technology
My primary research interests are in the history of technology, mostly concentrating on systems and standardization issues with a focus on users and consumers. My book project, Sound Decisions, details the history of home audio reproduction systems in the U.S. from 1945-1975. My interest in the history of computing stems from my interest in standardization and an inherent interest in the topic. I am currently serving as the SIGCIS Secretary.
History of navigation systems, mobile media, and social computing
Tristan Thielmann is a senior research fellow at the University of Siegen in Germany. His cross-disciplinary research explores the aesthetics and history of geomedia with a focus on navigation systems, GIS, user interfaces and mobile computing. He has published books and journal issues on the history of analog/digital displays, on the aesthetics of locative media, on media geography, actor-network theory, and the spatial turn in cultural and social sciences. Currently Tristan is doing research on the origins of social computing at Princeton University in the early 1950s, conducting oral history interviews with pioneers in mobile cartography and GPS technology, and writing a history of handheld computers.
Science & Technology Studies program at Cornell University
The history of computing in East Asia
Honghong Tinn is a graduate student in the Science & Technology Studies Program at Cornell University. She presented a paper titled "From Do-It-Yourself Computers to Illegal Copies: The Controversy over Building One's Own Computer in Taiwan, from 1980 to 1984" in SHOT in 2007. In this paper, she demonstrates that Taiwanese computer users preferred to build their own microcomputers from scratch in the early 1980s. She also presents that the practices of computer tinkering became controversial later when computer manufacturers, particularly Apple Computer, considered it to be violating copyright.
For her dissertation, she will work on the history of computing in postwar Taiwan. She aims to explore three historical periods in which tinkering - emulating, adapting, modifying, assembling in an innovative manner, and otherwise working creatively with technologies - is evident with computers. She will investigate that (1) a technical-aid program that promoted mainframe computing in the early 1960s; (2) a minicomputer-building project in National Chiao-Tung University in the early 1970s; (3) a fervor with which ordinary computer users bought computer parts and built their own microcomputers in the early 1980s.
History of Information systems, ICTs and regional development
History of Computing particularly in New Zealand. In 2010 I completed my PhD research which evaluated the contribution that ICTs make to regional development, by researching the development of ICT networks in two regions of New Zealand between 1985 and 2005. In 2010 I edited a book, "Return to Tomorrow: 50 years of computing in New Zealand" to mark the 50th anniversary of the New Zealand Computer Society. I am currently collecting some oral histories from key figures in NZ computing.
Aristotle Tympas works as Associate Professor of the History of Technology in Modernity at the Division of History of Science and technology, Philosophy and History of Science Department, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece, where he teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in the history and historiography of technology, including a course in the history of recent technologies (computing, telecommunications, and biotechnology. He also teaches a required undergaduate course in the History of Informatics and Telecommunications at the Informatics and Telecommunication Department of his university.
The Business history of Information and communications
1.The early history of U.S. computer industry(1945-1964)-ERA, RemRand, Burroughs and Control DATA.
2.The history of IBM subsidiaries(in particular,IBM Japan).
3.The history of information and communications industry in Japan(1953-1985).
4.The history of user industry of computing(in particular, New Nippon Steel Co., Yamato Trasnport Co.,etc).
innovation, industry structure, political economy, antitrust, IBM
I study the evolution of the computer industry within the larger framework of American political economy. Much of my published work focuses on IBM, its transition into electronic computing and its subsequent innovative strategy, and its ongoing relationship with the federal government. My early prize-winning interpretative essay "IBM and Its Imitators" is widely available on the web. You can find a related essay in a special issue of the Annals of the History of Computing (Vol. 18, No. 2, Summer 1996) and an expanded treatment in an entry on "Computer and Communications Technology" in Scribner's Encyclopedia of the United States in the Twentieth Century (1996). More recently, I have completed a trio of detailed articles on IBM, federal policy, and the direction of innovative activity in American computing. Presenting original research drawn from the IBM corporate archives and other sources, you can find them in three edited books: 1) International IT Policy (Oxford, 2006), edited by Richard Coopey; 2) The Financing of Innovation (MIT, 2008), edited by Naomi Lamoreaux and Ken Sokoloff; and 3) The Challenge of Remaining Innovative (Stanford, 2009), which I edited with Lamoreaux and Sally Clarke. Currently I am assembling and reshaping these studies into a synthetic book on the subject.
Adrienne van den Bogaard has a degree in mathematics and a Ph.D. from the University of Amsterdam in the History and Philosophy of Economics / Science Studies Department. Her thesis is about the emergence of mathematical modeling in decision making. She is currently assistant professor in history and philosophy of technology. Her research is about programming pioneers in the Netherlands (including E.W. Dijkstra), the rise of the software sector, and data-processing in government. She runs a book-project on the history of data-processing / information technology in the Netherlands in the twentieth century. The project should result in a book about the (contextual) history of information technology in the Netherlands. Other researchers in this book-project are Frank Veraart, Jos Peeters, Onno de Wit en Frida de Jong. Together with Gerard Alberts, she runs the Dutch Colloquium for the History of Computing, and like Aristotle Tympas, she is involved in the transition committee of the European project Tensions of Europe. Publications in English: A. van den Bogaard (1999) "Past Measurement and Future Prediction" in: M.S. Morgan & M. Morrison (eds), Models as Mediators pp. 282-325 Cambridge University Press A. van den Bogaard (1999) "The Cultural Origins of the Dutch Economic Modelling Practice" in: Science in Context pp. 333-350 vol.12 nr. 2.
Armand Van Dormael has published two books about the history of money: “Bretton Woods: Birth of a Monetary System” and “The Power of Money”. Several years ago, he decided to buy a new computer and discovered that the European manufacturers had given up production. His investigation into the history of computing led to the discovery that in 1948, two German scientists had developed functional transistors for account of the French government. He also came to know the French engineer who, in 1972, built the first microcomputer, the Micral. He is completing the manuscript of "The Silicon Revolution".
Computer recycling and societal consequences of it.
e-waste recycling, e-scrap recycling, circular economy, rare earths recycling, politics, lobby-ism, industrialization of recycling industry, history of recycling, technology development related to the above. Sociology, Philosophy.
Found out about SIGCIS through the SHOT on the internet. historyoftechnology.org
Frank Veraart wrote a dissertation about the adoption of computers by small-scale users in the Netherlands; Designers of Personal Computing (2008) The thesis analyses the introduction and applications of home and personal computers in three different domains: at home, at primary and secondary schools, and in small and medium sized businesses in the printing industries. These end-users have a limited influence on the production and design of the computer hard and software, but have a distinct role in the development of computer use. Influenced by a lot of intermediaries (advertisements, club activities, courses, etc.) they take decisions on computer application in local settings. This history reconstructs the activities of computer introduction and local adaptation in these sectors from about 1970 to 1995, and describes expectations, experiments and first applications. The thesis is in Dutch and has an English summary.
I have no specific research interest.
I am happy to recount what I know to people researching the early days of the Internet.
I currently am Anecdotes Editor for the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing and encourage submissions to the Anecdotes Department. I am also 2011 chair of the IEEE Computer Society History Committee.
Byron Wall has an interest in the history of computing, but does not actively work in the field. His period of interest is the early era of logic machines, e.g. Babbage, Jevons, Boole, and up to Hollerith. Wall's research is on John Venn, 19th century logician, remembered mostly for Venn diagrams, which he saw as a mechanical way of solving logical problems.
University of California, San Diego
History of Science and Program in Science Studies
Connecting Minds in a Multimedia Episteme: The Academic Supercomputer Centers and the Construction an Advanced Cognitive Infrastructure for the U.S. Research Community: 1983-1993
Research and interests: high performance computing, computer networking, information infrastructures, scientific visualization, distributed social cognition, social and affective neuroscience, science policy, and scientific research funding
“Online” systems and apps (Web, Videotex, NLS, FTP, email etc.)
Networking and telecommunications
Pre-computer information retrieval and categorization systems
Internet of things
Social impact of networking
Convergence of media/communication forms online
Web commerce, e-commerce
Online communities/social networking
International (non-U.S.) networking
Roots of networked applications in timesharing
My main focus for the last couple of years has been learning about 70s era microcomputer technology through restoring and operating them. In a couple of cases, when original systems were not readily available and it was feasible, I have built reproductions. At this point in time, I have built reproductions of the Apple 1, Apple II and SCELBI. I also have interest in other technology and other eras. Back in the 80s I was involved with development of SEL-32 super mini computer CPU and I/O systems.
JoAnne Yates' book on the life insurance industry's adoption and use of information technology (tabulator systems in the first half of the 20th century and early computers in the 1950s-1970s) was published by Johns Hopkins University Press in 2005: Structuring the Information Age: Life Insurance and Computing in the Twentieth Century. Her interest is in commercial(firm and industry) adoption and use of computers and what this use tells us about the user firms and industries and about the evolution of information technology and its suppliers. Her previous book, Control through Communication (JHUP, 1989) dealt with communication and information use and technologies in an earlier period--from 1850-1920.
Philosophy, & Sociology of Science, The Lyman Briggs School of Science, Michigan State University
Charles Yood recently defended his dissertation, "Argonne National Laboratory and the Emergence of Computer and Computational Science, 1946-1992," at Penn State University. The project uses the activities and evolution of the Applied Mathematics Division at Argonne as a lens to investigate the ways in which computers provided the material basis for the development of new scientific disciplines (i.e. computer science) and new methodologies for scientific investigation (i.e. computational science). He pays particular attention to practitioners' efforts from the 1960s-1980s to establish computer science as an independent discipline; the significance of the Japanese Fifth Generation initiative to the growth of computer science and the emergence of computational science; and the implications of the multi-billion dollar federal High Performance Computing and Communications/Grand Challenge programs for the development of computer and computational science. Although he is interested primarily in the implications of computers on science, scientific disciplines, and scientific research, increasingly he is interested in issues related to digital communities and on-line computer gaming.
Jeffrey Yost's primary area of research is on the history of firm strategy and industry development in post-World War II information technology (computers, software, and services). He recently published a synthetic overview book on the history of the computer trade and has begun research on a monograph on the history of the computer services industry. This study will begin with services activities and the development and refinement of key organizational capabilities of major office machine firms in the pre-digital era before focusing on the emergence and evolution of the computer services business in its many forms-from service bureaus, programming services, and time-sharing to facilities management, IT strategy consulting, and end-to-end systems providers-from the mid-1950s to the present. The book will seek to address the role of services within broader information technology systems and explore social, cultural, political, technical, and economic elements of these systems.